✎✎✎ Salem Witch Book Report

Thursday, December 30, 2021 12:33:20 PM

Salem Witch Book Report

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A Reading of: I, TITUBA: BLACK WITCH OF SALEM, by Maryse Condé - Book Review

Fees are charged to a participant's credit card only if they return the bike late or damaged. Right now, Salem Spins is open only to people over the age of But the city is considering changing that, Marquis said, as well as producing a bike map for participants and offering a "seasonal pass" where bikes could be used for more than one day at a time. In July , the Salem bike share program was ended when Zagster pulled out. The company cited the Covid pandemic as a factor in the decision. Salem has eight stations where drivers can charge their electric cars. This program was paid for by a grant from the state of Massachusetts due to Salem's status as a Massachusetts Green Community.

NSMC's medical staff includes nearly affiliated physicians representing primary care, family practice and 50 additional sub-specialties. The hospital had 19, admissions in the latest year for which data are available. It performed 4, annual inpatient and 7, outpatient surgeries. Its emergency department had 90, visits in The helipad at North Shore Medical Center is a helicopter transportation hub, with multiple daily flights to hospitals all over Boston. From the original building on Charter Street, Salem Hospital moved to the current location on Highland Avenue in After John Bertram died in March , his widow donated their home , a mansion built in the High Style Italianate with brick and brownstone for materials at Essex Street, [79] and this became the Salem Public Library.

Dredging will allow the city to attract other ferries, excursion vessels and cruise ships of up to feet 76 m. In October , Mayor Driscoll announced that the city would formally acquire the Blaney Street parcel from Dominion Energy, [84] paving the way for the Salem Wharf project. The City of Salem's plans call for a total build-out of the current Blaney Street pier, known as the Salem Wharf project. When finished, the Blaney Street pier will be home to small to medium-sized cruise ships, commercial vessels and the Salem Ferry. This project is fully engineered and permitted.

In , in early phase work to be finished for the season, a contractor was running underground utility cables and erecting an interim terminal building that will be used by the Salem Ferry, replacing the current trailer. The building will have an indoor bathroom — a first at the ferry landing — along with a waiting room and possibly an outdoor area with awnings. Also new for is a paved lot with about parking spaces replacing the existing dirt parking lot. Also in , construction crews were building a long seawall at the Blaney Street landing, which runs from the edge of the ferry dock back toward Derby Street and along an inner harbor. This is one of the early and key pieces of the Salem Pier, which the city hopes to have completed by and is the key to eventually bring cruise ships to Salem.

At the end of the season of the Salem Ferry, in the late fall of , after the ferry season ended, contractors were to start building the first section of the T-shaped, foot m pier. Work on that phase was scheduled to be completed by the fall of In May , after years of legal battles, protests, and one recent fatal accident, the owner of the Salem Harbor Power Station announced it will close down the facility permanently.

This grant money is being used to plan for the eventual re-use of the property. Footprint Power, [93] a startup New Jersey-based energy company, announced on June 29, , that it had signed an agreement to acquire Salem Harbor Station from Dominion Energy of Virginia. The final plan was to develop a new state-of-the-art natural gas plant on one-third of the original site, reportedly along the Fort Avenue side near the city's ferry landing. The remainder of the waterfront property eventually will be used for commercial and industrial redevelopment, the company said.

The main opponent that fought in court was the Conservation Law Foundation, [97] a leading environmental advocacy group intent on blocking the plant from being built. As of the census [] of , there were 41, people, 19, households, and 9, families residing in the city. The population density was 4, There were 18, housing units at an average density of 2, The racial makeup of the city was Hispanic or Latino of any race were There were 17, households, out of which Of all households The average household size was 2.

In the city, the population was spread out, with The median age was 36 years. For every females, there were For every females age 18 and over, there were About 6. Salem is represented in the state legislature by officials elected from the following districts:. Salem State University [] is the largest of the nine schools comprising the state university system in Massachusetts the five University of Massachusetts campuses are a separate system , with 7, undergraduates and 2, graduate students; [] its five campuses encompass acres 0. The Salem State Foundation hosts an annual lecture series, featuring high-profile speakers from around the world.

The university was founded in as the Salem Normal School for teacher training based on the educational principles espoused by Horace Mann , considered to be the "Father of American Public Education. Salem State University enrolls over 10, undergraduate and graduate students representing 27 states and 57 foreign countries, and is one of the largest state universities in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. The university also offers Continuing Education courses for credit or non-credit.

Situated on five campuses totaling acres 0. Currently, the university houses 2, students in its five residence facilities. Construction starts in the spring of Collins Middle School is located on Highland Avenue. The Massachusetts General Court passed legislation, and residents raised enough money, that averted teacher layoffs. Several dozen support workers were still laid off. Salem also once had a very strong Roman Catholic school system. Once home to almost a dozen schools, the last school in the city, St. Joseph School, closed in July after over years of providing Catholic education. James High School, St. Chretienne Academy, St. Chretienne Grammar School and St. Mary's School closed in , St. James Grammar School closed in , St. Thomas the Apostle School closed in , St.

Anne School closed in , St. John the Baptist School closed in and St. Joseph High School closed in The Gedney House is a historic house museum built circa and is the 2nd oldest house in Salem. One of the most popular houses in Salem is The Witch House , the only structure in Salem with direct ties to the Salem witch trials of The Witch House is owned and operated by the City of Salem as a historic house museum. Hamilton Hall is located on Chestnut Street, where many grand mansions can be traced to the roots of the Old China Trade. Hamilton Hall was built in by Samuel McIntire and is considered one of his best pieces. In recent years, tourism has been an occasional source of debate in the city, with some residents arguing the city should downplay witch tourism and market itself as a more upscale cultural center.

In , the conflict came to a head over plans by the cable television network TV Land to erect a bronze statue of Elizabeth Montgomery , who played the comic witch "Samantha" in the s series Bewitched. Many felt the statue was good fun and appropriate to a city that promotes itself as "The Witch City", and contains a street named "Witch Way". Others objected to the use of public property for what was transparently commercial promotion. There is also a memorial to the victims of the infamous Witch Trials at Proctor's Ledge, the execution site from that time. The memorial is "meant to be a place of reflection" for the city, a reminder that we are capable of these things.

This according to Shea, Andrea July 19, National Public Radio. In , the replica tall ship Friendship of Salem was finished and sailed to Salem Harbor, where she sits today. The Friendship of Salem [] is a reconstruction of a foot 52 m three-masted East Indiaman trading ship, originally built in , which traveled the world over a dozen times and returned to Salem after each voyage with goods from all over the world. The original was taken by the British during the War of , then stripped and sold in pieces. In , with the assistance of a 1. The original Fame was a fast Chebacco fishing schooner that was reborn as a privateer when war broke out in the summer of She was arguably the first American privateer to bring home a prize, and she made 20 more captures before being wrecked in the Bay of Fundy in The new Fame is a full-scale replica of this famous schooner.

Framed and planked of white oak and trunnel -fastened in the traditional manner, the replica of Fame was launched in Salem Harborwalk opened in July to celebrate the rebirth of the Salem waterfront as a source of recreation for visitors as well as the local community. The Peabody Essex Museum is a leading museum of Asian art and culture and early American maritime trade and whaling; its collections of Indian, Japanese, Korean, and Chinese art, and in particular Chinese export porcelain, are among the finest in the country. Founded in , it is one of the oldest continuously operating museums in the United States.

The Misery Islands is a nature reserve located in Salem Sound that was established in It is managed by the Trustees of Reservations. The islands' name come from shipbuilder Robert Moulton who was stranded on the islands during a winter storm in the s. The islands, in the past, have been home to a club with a golf course and about two dozen cottages. The islands are now uninhabited. The Pioneer Village , created in , was America's first living-history museum. The site features a three-acre re-creation of a Puritan village and allows visitors the opportunity to participate in activities from the lives of Salem's earliest English settlers.

The Old Salem Jail, an active correctional facility until , once housed captured British soldiers from the War of It contains the main jail building built in , renovated in , the jail keeper's house and a barn also about The jail was shuttered in when Essex County opened its new facility in Middleton. Salem Willows is an oceanfront neighborhood and amusement park. It is named for the European white willow trees planted there in to form a shaded walk for patients convalescing at a nearby smallpox hospital. The area became a public park in , and in the twentieth century became a summer destination for residents of Boston's North Shore , many of whom escaped the heat of the city on newly popular streetcars.

The beaches are also a common place to watch the 4th of July fireworks since you can see three sets of fireworks; Salem, Beverly, and Marblehead. The Willows also has a famous popcorn stand, Hobbs, which is known around the North Shore as one of the best places to get popcorn and ice cream. The House of the Seven Gables. Salem Common bandshell in Hamilton Hall , 9 Chestnut Street. Peirce-Nichols House , 80 Federal Street. Phillips House , 34 Chestnut Street. Pioneer Village , a recreation of the first Puritan settlement in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

City in Massachusetts, United States. Divitis Indiae usque ad ultimum sinum Latin: To the farthest port of the rich Indies. Location in Essex County, Massachusetts. See also: Timeline of Salem, Massachusetts. Further information: East India Marine Society. Further information: Peabody Academy of Science. See also: List of Massachusetts locations by per capita income. Gallows Hill Park. Popular legend places the execution of the Salem Witches near this site. The Pickman House, built circa , believed to be Salem's oldest surviving building. Nehemiah Adams — , clergyman and author [] [] Alexander Graham Bell , inventor of the telephone Frank Weston Benson — , impressionist artist [] [] [] John Prentiss Benson — , architect and maritime artist William Bentley — , Unitarian minister, Salem diarist Nathaniel Bowditch — , mathematician and navigator; [] Nathaniel Bowditch School is named in his honor Rick Brunson , NBA player and coach William Mansfield Buffum , member of Arizona Territorial Legislature Timothy Burgess , entomologist and zoologist Laurie Cabot , Witchcraft high priestess and author Robert Ellis Cahill — , sheriff, historian and author Joseph Hodges Choate , lawyer and diplomat Lucy Hiller Lambert Cleveland , writer and folk artist Roger Conant c.

Joseph Horace Eaton — , artist and military officer Ephraim Emerton — , medievalist historian and Harvard chair John Endecott — , governor Thomas Gardner c. Lander — , Civil War general, wagon trail and railroad surveyor, poet John Larch — , actor [] [] Dudley Leavitt — , early Harvard-educated Congregational minister, [] [] Leavitt Street named for him [] Mary Lou Lord , singer-songwriter; grew up in Salem Samuel McIntire — , architect and woodcarver [] [] [] [] Rob Oppenheim born , professional golfer Charles Grafton Page — , electrical inventor George Swinnerton Parker — , founder of Parker Brothers Samuel Parris — , minister Elizabeth Palmer Peabody , educator, writer, prominent Transcendentalist, advocate for women and Native Americans.

Benjamin Peirce — , mathematician and logician, director of U. Samuel Phillips — , first pastor of the South Church in Andover. Redmond , Army officer and Chief of National Guard ; [] educated in Salem and became real estate agent; [] [] served on Mexican border in during Pancho Villa Expedition [] Sarah Parker Remond — , abolitionist [] Aaron Richmond — , impresario and artist manager Brian St. Frank Weston Benson. Nathaniel Bowditch. Elias Hasket Derby. John Endecott. Nathaniel Hawthorne. Frederick W. Charles Grafton Page. Timothy Pickering. Sarah Parker Remond. Samuel McIntire. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau.

Retrieved July 25, Census Bureau QuickFacts". August 26, Retrieved August 26, ISBN Crawford, Mary Caroline, Famous families of Massachusetts. Boston: Little, Brown, and Co. Arcadia Publishing. Chronicles of the First Planters of the Colony.. Retrieved Archived from the original on Amherst, MA: Press of J. Samuel Skelton, The Family Forest Descendants of Rev.

Samuel Skelton. Kamuela, HI: Millisecond Publishing. American Forts Network. Retrieved 3 June Famous Families of Massachusetts. Boston, Little, Brown. The Salem Press Co. Salem Maritime National Historic Park". The old shipmasters of Salem. New York and London: G. Putnam's Sons. OCLC Departmental Honors in History. Thesis advisor, Professor Kirk Swinehart. Middletown, Connecticut: Wesleyan University. Retrieved May 3, Note Of the two hundred registered Salem vessels in , all but fifty-seven were destroyed in the war. Journal of the American Oriental Society. JSTOR The Salem Partnership. Boston Harbor Cruises. The Salem Ferry. Salem News. Salem, Massachusetts Patch. Energy and Environmental Affairs. Archived from the original on June 26, Salem Public Library.

Massachusetts: Prnewswire. Footprint Power. Retrieved 2 June Conservation Law Foundation. Population Estimates". Retrieved July 12, US Census Bureau. December Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: to Bureau of the Census. Section 6, Pages and , Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: to Pages through Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: , , and Department of the Interior, Census Office. Massachusetts Table 5. Critics such as Proctor were quickly accused of witchcraft themselves, under the assumption that anyone who denied the existence of witches or defended the accused must be one of them, and were brought to trial.

The trials were held in the Salem courthouse, which was located in the center of Washington Street about feet south of Lynde Street, opposite of where the Masonic Temple now stands. The courthouse was torn down in but a plaque dedicated to the courthouse can still be seen today on the wall of the Masonic Temple on Washington Street. Bridget Bishop was the first person brought to trial.

Bishop had been accused of witchcraft years before but was cleared of the crime. Bridget Bishop was convicted at the end of her trial and sentenced to death. Five more people were hanged in July, one of which was Rebecca Nurse. Although many of the other accused women were unpopular social outcasts, Nurse was a pious, well-respected and well-loved member of the community. When Nurse was first arrested, many members of the community signed a petition asking for her release. Her initial verdict was, in fact, not guilty, but upon hearing the verdict the afflicted girls began to have fits in the courtroom. Judge Stoughton asked the jury to reconsider their verdict.

A week later, the jury changed their minds and declared Nurse guilty. On July 23, John Proctor wrote to the clergy in Boston. He knew the clergy did not fully approve of the witch hunts. Proctor told them about the torture inflicted on the accused and asked that the trials be moved to Boston where he felt he would get a fair trial. The clergy later held a meeting, on August 1, to discuss the trials but were not able to help Proctor before his execution. Another notable person who was accused of witchcraft was Captain John Alden Jr. Alden was accused of witchcraft by a child during a trip to Salem while he was on his way home to Boston from Canada.

Alden spent 15 weeks in jail before friends helped break him out and he escaped to New York. He was later exonerated. Yet another crucial moment during the Salem Witch Trials was the public torture and death of Giles Corey. English law at the time dictated that anyone who refused to enter a plea could be tortured in an attempt to force a plea out of them. The torture consisted of laying the prisoner on the ground, naked, with a board placed on top of him. Heavy stones were loaded onto the board and the weight was gradually increased until the prison either entered a plea or died. In mid-September, Corey was tortured this way for three days in a field near Howard Street until he finally died on September His death was gruesome and cruel and strengthened the growing opposition to the Salem Witch Trials.

As the trials and executions continued, colonists began to doubt that so many people could actually be guilty of this crime. They feared many innocent people were being executed. Local clergymen began speaking out against the witch hunt and tried to persuade officials to stop the trials. Around the end of September, the use of spectral evidence was finally declared inadmissible, thus marking the beginning of the end of the Salem Witch Trials. On September 22, eight people were hanged. These were the last hangings of the Salem Witch Trials. The 52 remaining people in jail were tried in a new court, the Superior Court of Judicature, the following winter.

Now that spectral evidence was not allowed, most of the remaining prisoners were found not guilty or released due to a lack of real evidence. Those who were found guilty were pardoned by Governor Phips. The governor released the last few prisoners the following May. The others were either found guilty but pardoned, found not guilty, were never indicted or simply evaded arrest or escaped from jail. Refused to enter a plea and tortured to death: Giles Corey September 19th, Escaped from Prison: John Alden Jr. Edward Bishop Jr. Other victims include two dogs who were shot or killed after being suspected of witchcraft. The fact is, no accused witches were burned at the stake in Salem, Massachusetts.

Salem was ruled by English law at the time, which only allowed death by burning to be used against men who committed high treason and only after they had been hanged, quartered and drawn. As for why these victims were targeted in the first place, historians have noted that many of the accused were wealthy and held different religious beliefs than their accusers. This, coupled with the fact that the accused also had their estates confiscated if they were convicted has led many historians to believe that religious feuds and property disputes played a big part in the witch trials.

Daily chores, business matters and other activities were neglected during the chaos of the witch trials, causing many problems in the colony for years to come, according to the book The Witchcraft of Salem Village:. The people had been so determined upon hunting out and destroying witches that they had neglected everything else. Planting, cultivating, the care of houses, barns, roads, fences, were all forgotten. As a direct result, food became scarce and taxes higher. Farms were mortgaged or sold, first to pay prison fees, then to pay taxes; frequently they were abandoned. Salem Village began that slow decay which eventually erased its houses and walls, but never its name and memory.

As the years went by, the colonists felt ashamed and remorseful for what had happened during the Salem Witch Trials. Since the witch trials ended, the colony also began to suffer many misfortunes such as droughts, crop failures, smallpox outbreaks and Native-American attacks and many began to wonder if God was punishing them for their mistake. On December 17, , Governor Stoughton issued a proclamation in hopes of making amends with God.

The proclamation suggested that there should be:. The day of prayer and fasting was held on January 15, , and was known as the Day of Official Humiliation. In , afflicted girl Ann Putnam, Jr. Her apology states:. And particularly, as I was a chief instrument of accusing of Goodwife Nurse and her two sisters, I desire to lie in the dust, and to be humbled for it, in that I was a cause, with others, of so sad a calamity to them and their families; for which cause I desire to lie in the dust, and earnestly beg forgiveness of God, and from all those unto whom I have given just cause of sorrow and offence, whose relations were taken away or accused. Since some families of the victims did not want their family member listed, not every victim was named.

At the announcement ceremony, playwright Arthur Miller made a speech and read from the last act of his play, The Crucible, which was inspired by the Salem Witch Trials. On October 31, , the state amended the apology and cleared the names of the remaining unnamed victims, stating:. Everything we know now about the trials comes from just a handful of primary sources of the Salem Witch Trials. In addition to official court records there are also several books written by the ministers and other people involved in the trials:.

Sources: Upham, Charles W. Wiggin and Lunt, Crewe, Sabrina and Michael V. The Salem Witch Trials. Morrisiana, Jackson, Shirley. The Witchcraft of Salem Village. Random House, Fowler, Samuel Page. Samuel Parris of Salem Village. William Ives and George W. This site helped a lot for me to understand the history of Salem. It also helped with my reading assignment. I wonder how many people ran away from The Salem Witch Trials. It seems like an easier thing to do than just sit there and be accused. Also i seems like a smarter thing to do at the moment if you had a rival with one of the families in town.

Not many people fled Salem, only a handful did, because Salem was their home and had been for a long time. Where can I get a copy of the Salem map that you posted? I could use this for classroom use…. I think they where viewed in an horrible way, because the people who where accused where not really witches. Brooks, Rebecca Beatrice. Smithsonia, 8 Sept. Hi Sarah, I am the author and publisher of this blog. This site is not a part of the Smithsonian website. Hope that helps with your bibliography. I love this site! Did you know they executed 2 dogs?!

How inhumane! It disgusts me but at the same time interests me, and makes me want to learn more. When was this site last edited? Do you have a version number for this site? Also, when was his last updated? Thank you, using this as a source! This article was last updated on Nov 22, It is sad where the mind-set was back then. The preacher sad they could not kill the devil by shooting the dog but did anyway. Then after said the dog died so it must have been innocent. A child pointed to a dog and said it bewitched me and shot the dog immediately. Then say they were wrong. Then they even do a greater injustice by not only torturing folks in prison but hanging 19 of them and then putting rocks on a 71 year old man until he died because he would not state he was guilty or innocent some old English law if accused refused to make a plea.

Thank you so much for this! Do you know if their are any reports from some of the people in the villiage? Most of the eyewitness accounts can be found in the court records and the books written by the ministers involved in the trials. I find the history interesting and would like to find more information on this matter. I think in some forms that witches still exist in hidden arenas. If there is anyone has found anymore supporting theories please share. I am looking forward to the challenge of uncovering a multitude of analysis on this matter. Hi Rebecca…I saw that you have a lot of knowledge about Mary Easty…I was told this year at a funeral that I am a direct decendent of hers…I live in Salem and My Grandfather was name William Estey…do you by any chance have any history of the family tree?

Unfortunately, I do not have any information on her family tree but you might want to check out a genealogy site like ancestry. Ancestry is the easiest way. Just pay for a month and go nuts adding records to a tree.

We never Salem Witch Book Report have taken it. March: Rebecca Eames is released Salem Witch Book Report prison. My Salem Witch Book Report was a witch, Food Allergy Essay a good one; one that heals and does no bad witchcraft.

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