⌛ Essay On African Clothing

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Essay On African Clothing

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15 Super Beautiful African Traditional Clothes

Animal tales are normally divided into trickster tales and ogre tales. In animal tales, a certain animal would always have the same character or role in each story, so the audience does not have to worry about characterization. The Hare was always the trickster, clever and cunning, while the Hyena was always tricked by the Hare. Ogres are always cruel, greedy monsters. The messengers in all the stories were the Birds. Day-to-Day tales are the most serious tales, never including humor, that explained the everyday life and struggles of an African community.

These tales take on famine, escape from death, courtship, and family matters, using a song form when the climax of the story was being told. African stories all have a certain structure to them. Villagers would gather around a common meeting place at the end of the day to listen and tell their stories. Storytellers had certain commands to start and end the stories, "Ugai Itha" to get the audience's attention and begin the story, and "Rukirika" to signal the end of a tale.

Each scene of a story is depicted with two characters at a time, so the audience does not get overwhelmed. In each story, victims can overcome their predators and take justice out on the culprit. Certain tools were used in African folktales. For example, idiophones, such as drums, were used to make the sounds of different animals. Repetition and call-back techniques in prose or poem were also used to get the audience involved in the stories. Women's traditional clothes in Ethiopia are made from cloth called schema and are used to make habesha kemis.

The latter garment is basically cotton cloth, about 90 cm wide, woven in long strips which are then sewn together. Sometimes shiny threads are woven into the fabric for an elegant effect. Men wear pants and a knee-length shirt with a white collar , and perhaps a sweater. Men often wear knee-high socks, while women might not wear socks at all. Men, as well as women, wear shawls, the netela. Zulus wear a variety of attire, both traditional for ceremonial or culturally celebratory occasions. Traditional male clothing is usually light, consisting of a two-part apron similar to a loincloth used to cover the genitals and buttocks. The front piece is called the umutsha pronounced Zulu pronunciation: [umtifash] and is usually made of springbok or other animal hide twisted into different bands which cover the genitals.

In the Muslim parts of Africa, daily attire also often reflects Islamic tradition. The various cuisines of Africa use a combination of locally available fruits , cereal grains and vegetables , as well as milk and meat products. In some parts of the continent, the traditional diet features a preponderance of milk, curd and whey products. In much of tropical Africa, however, cow's milk is rare and cannot be produced locally owing to various diseases that affect livestock. The continent's diverse demographic makeup is reflected in the many different eating and drinking habits, dishes, and preparation techniques of its manifold populations. In Central Africa , the basic ingredients are plantains and cassava. Fufu -starchy foods usually made from fermented cassava roots are served with grilled meat and sauces.

Many local ingredients are used while preparing other dishes like spinach stew, cooked with tomato, peppers, chillis, onions, and peanut butter. Cassava plants are also consumed as cooked greens. Groundnut peanut stew is also prepared, containing chicken , okra , ginger , and other spices. Another favorite is Bambara, a porridge of rice, peanut butter, and sugar. Beef and chicken are favorite meat dishes, but game meat preparations containing crocodile , monkey , antelope and warthog are also served occasionally. The cuisine of the African Great Lakes region varies from area to area. In the inland savannah, the traditional cuisine of cattle-keeping peoples is distinctive in that meat products are generally absent.

Cattle , sheep and goats were regarded as a form of currency and a store of wealth and are not generally consumed as food. In some areas, traditional peoples consume the milk and blood of cattle, but rarely the meat. Elsewhere, other peoples are farmers who grow a variety of grains and vegetables. Maize corn is the basis of ugali , the East African version of West Africa's fufu. Ugali is a starch dish eaten with meats or stews. In Uganda , steamed, green bananas called matoke provide the starch filler of many meals. In the Horn of Africa , the main traditional dishes in Ethiopian cuisine and Eritrean cuisine are tsebhis stews served with injera [21] flatbread made from teff , [21] wheat , or sorghum , and hilbet paste made from legumes , mainly lentil , faba beans.

Eritrean and Ethiopian cuisine especially in the northern half are very similar, given the shared history of the two countries. The related Somali cuisine consists of an exotic fusion of diverse culinary influences. Varieties of bariis rice , the most popular probably being basmati , usually serve as the main dish. Xalwo halwo or halva is a popular confection served during special occasions such as Eid celebrations or wedding receptions. All food is served halal. The roots of North African cuisine can be traced back to the ancient empires of North Africa, particularly in Egypt, where many of the country's dishes and culinary traditions date back to ancient Egypt.

Over several centuries traders, travelers, invaders, migrants and immigrants all have influenced the cuisine of North Africa. Most of the North African countries today have several similar dishes, sometimes almost the same dish with a different name the Moroccan tangia and the Tunisian coach are both essentially the same dish: a meat stew prepared in an urn and cooked overnight in a public oven , sometimes with a slight change in ingredients and cooking style.

There are noticeable differences between the cooking styles of different nations — there's the sophisticated, full-bodied flavours of Moroccan palace cookery , the fiery dishes of Tunisian cuisine , and the humbler, simpler cuisines of Egypt and Algeria. The cooking of Southern Africa is sometimes called 'rainbow cuisine', as the food in this region is a blend of many culinary traditions, including those of the Khoisan , Bantu , European and Asian populations.

Basic ingredients include seafood, meat products including wild game , poultry, as well as grains, fresh fruits and vegetables. Fruits include apples , grapes , mangoes , bananas and papayas , avocado , oranges , peaches and apricots. Desserts may simply be fruit. However, there are some more western style puddings, such as the Angolan Cocada amarela , which was inspired by Portuguese cuisine. Meat products include lamb, as well as game like venison , ostrich , and impala. The seafood includes a wide variety such as crayfish , prawns , tuna , mussels , oysters , calamari, mackerel , and lobster.

There are also several types of traditional and modern alcoholic beverages including many European-style beers. A typical West African meal is heavy with starchy items, meat, spices, and flavors. Fufu is often made from starchy root vegetables such as yams , cocoyams , or cassava , but also from cereal grains like millet, sorghum or plantains. The staple grain or starch varies from region to region and ethnic group to ethnic group. However, corn has gained significant ground as it is cheap, swells to greater volumes and creates a beautiful white final product that is greatly desired. Banku and Kenkey are maize dough staples, and Gari is made from dried grated cassavas.

Rice dishes are also widely eaten in the region, especially in the dry Sahel belt inland. Traditional Sub-Saharan African music is as diverse as the region's various populations. The common perception of Sub-Saharan African music is that it is rhythmic music centered on the drums, and indeed, a large part of Sub-Saharan music, mainly among speakers of Niger—Congo and Nilo-Saharan languages , is rhythmic and centered on the drum. Sub-Saharan music is polyrhythmic, usually consisting of multiple rhythms in one composition.

Dance involves moving multiple body parts. Other African musical traditions also involve strings, horns, and very few poly-rhythms. Music from the eastern Sahel and along the Nile, among the Nilo-Saharan , made extensive use of strings and horns in ancient times. Dancing involves swaying body movements and footwork. Among the Khoisans extensive use of string instruments with emphasis on footwork. Like the musical genres of the Nile Valley and the Horn of Africa , [26] North African music has close ties with Middle Eastern music and utilizes similar melodic modes maqamat. The region's art music has for centuries followed the outline of Arabic and Andalusian classical music. Somali music is typically pentatonic , using five pitches per octave in contrast to a heptatonic seven note scale such as the major scale.

Africa is home to approximately one-third of the world's languages, [30] anywhere between and languages. The main ethnolinguistic divisions in Africa are Afro-Asiatic approximately languages covering nearly Northern Africa including the horn of Africa, Central Sahara et the top Nile , [31] Niger—Congo with approximately 1, - 1, languages is the largest of the four; it is also the largest language family in the world. Believed to be the oldest of the four language families, it is the smallest of the four and is found mainly in Southern Africa.

The continent of Africa speaks hundreds of languages, and if dialects spoken by various ethnic groups are also included, the number is much higher. These languages and dialects do not have the same importance: some are spoken by only a few hundred people, others are spoken by millions. The most widely spoken languages of Africa, Swahili million , Hausa 38 million , Yoruba 20 million , Amharic 20 million , Igbo 21 million , and Fula 13 million all belong to the Niger-Congo family. African cultures have had profound influences on the rest of the world through West African cultural traditions that were brought to the Americas and the Caribbean during the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade , as well as later immigration of people from throughout Africa.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Overview of the culture of Africa. This article has multiple issues. Please help to improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Learn how and when to remove these template messages. This article's lead section may be too short to adequately summarize the key points. Please consider expanding the lead to provide an accessible overview of all important aspects of the article. January This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Main articles: African art and African masks. See also: African traditional religions and Religion in Africa.

Main article: Clothing in Africa. Main article: African cuisine. See also: African popular music and Music of Africa. Main article: Languages of Africa. As a result, when it comes to Triple Bottom Line framework, Starbucks was given the opportunity to appraise and monitor its operations. Interestingly enough, Starbucks is globally well known by people around the world. Based on the mission of the business the organizational strategies are put into words. To carry out this report we have selected a company named TESCO which is a worldwide grocery and universal products dealer founded in the year Worldwide in terms of profit it is considered as third leading retailer and in terms of revenue it is regarded to be the ninth leading retailer.

Critically evaluate the organizational and cultural environment of TESCO and identify key capabilities and resources. Founded in , the company is standing strong till now and it too consist of brands that are over years old. With merger and acquisition of other companies, the company brands under it such as Frito-Lay, Tropicana, Gatorade and Quaker Oats.

Being a premier producer and to supply convenient foods to the customers has always been the core focus of the company and because so, PepsiCo International always strive to thrive in its very own. It offers all-embracing products of coffee, handcrafted beverages, light food, merchandise and consumer products as well as an exclusive Starbucks experience to the customers. Starbucks Singapore prides itself on the th store expansion in Priscilla, The company is staying ahead in the Singapore coffee chain industry, yet it is facing numerous emerging challenges in the global competitive environment.

The Believe and Achieve Scholarship program gives out scholarships in the 11 states that their convenience store operates in. He reveals the importance of the company giving back to the community, especially in scholarships. Students within 30 miles of any Cumberland Farms can apply. Wilson, C. Constant improvement boosts efficiency in fuels deliveries at Cumberland Farms. As an independent division of the international corporate giant, Woolworths Holdings Limited, Woolworths South Africa is a strong retailing business and brand identity which has grown and strengthened in the country since it first opened its doors in Woolworths Company, but due to no financial connection ever being created between the two companies, trademark laws state that the name could legally be used without any official permission.

Its founder, Max Sonnenberg began the Woolworths brand on the basic values of superior quality, exciting innovation and excellent value which are some of the same values of which the company continually strives to uphold …show more content… In April Woolworths launched their Good Business Journey campaign in order to try to make a difference in sustainable business practise. The company has been named international Responsible Retailer of the Year thrice during the course of the twenty-first century through not only their sustainable business practise and partnering but through other elements such as recyclable and reusable packaging, actions such as lessening the amount of bleach and chemicals used in products and packaging and many other charitable.

Show More. Read More. Business Strategy Case Study: Safeway Words 4 Pages We still open our doors every day today with that in mind, and because of it, we run really great stores.

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