✪✪✪ How Did The Nile River Influence Ancient Egypt Life

Monday, December 13, 2021 10:28:25 PM

How Did The Nile River Influence Ancient Egypt Life

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The Impact of the Nile River in Ancient Egypt

The city-states continued, under the overall influence of Macedonia. Greek culture had a powerful influence on the Roman Empire , which carried a version of it to many parts of the Mediterranean region and Europe. In this way, classical Greece was part of the foundation of Western civilization. Greek was also the language, and partly the culture , of the Byzantine Empire. The history of Greece went through these stages: [6]. In the 8th century B. They had lost literacy at the end of the Mycenaean culture , as the Mediterranean world fell into the Dark Ages. The Greeks learned about the alphabet from another ancient people, the Phoenicians.

They made some adjustments to it. In particular, the Greeks introduced regular letters for vowels , which was necessary for their language. Their alphabet was, in turn, copied by the Romans, and much of the world now uses the Roman alphabet. Ancient Greece had one language and culture, but was not unified until BC, when Macedonia defeated Athens and Thebes. That marked the end of the Classic period, and the start of the Hellenistic period. Even then, the conquered cities were merely joined to Philip II of Macedon 's Corinthian League; they were not occupied, and ruled themselves. Ancient Greece consisted of several hundred more-or-less independent city states.

This was different from other societies, which were tribal, or kingdoms ruling over relatively large territories. Undoubtedly the geography of Greece—divided and sub-divided by hills, mountains and rivers—contributed to the nature of ancient Greece. On the one hand, the ancient Greeks had no doubt that they were 'one people'; they had the same religion, same basic culture, and same language.

Yet each city-state or " polis " was independent ; unification was something rarely discussed by the ancient Greeks. Even when, during the second Persian invasion of Greece, a group of city-states allied themselves to defend Greece, most poleis remained neutral, and after the Persian defeat, the allies quickly returned to infighting. Later, in the Classical period, the leagues were fewer and larger, and dominated by one city particularly Athens , Sparta and Thebes.

Often cities would be compelled to join under threat of war or as part of a peace treaty. After Philip II of Macedon 'conquered' the heartlands of ancient Greece, he did not attempt to annex the territory, or unify it into a new province. However, he did force most of the cities to join his own Corinthian League. Some cities were democratic, some were aristocratic , and some were monarchies. Some had many revolutions in which one kind of government replaced another. One famous Greek kingdom is Macedon , which became briefly the largest empire the world had seen at the time by conquering the Persian empire including ancient Egypt and reaching into modern-day India.

Other famous kingdoms are Epirus and Thessaly. Monarchies in ancient Greece were not absolute because there was usually a council of older citizens the senate , or in Macedonia the congress who gave advice to the King. These men were not elected or chosen in a lottery like they were in the democratic city-states. Citizens that could participate in government in Ancient Greece were usually men who were free-born in that city. Women, slaves and usually residents born elsewhere, did not have the right to vote. Details differed between cities. Athens is an example: The residents of Athens were of three groups: citizens, metics resident aliens and slaves. Male citizens had the rights of free men and could be chosen to fulfill any official state position. The number of Greeks grew and soon they could not grow enough food for all the people.

When this happened, a city would send people off to start a new city, known as a colony. Because the terrain was rough, most travel was by sea. For this reason, many new cities were established along the coastline. They even started a city, Naucratis, on the river Nile in Egypt. By the 6th century BC some cities became much more important than the others. They were Corinth , Thebes , Sparta , and Athens. The Spartans were very well disciplined soldiers.

They defeated the people who lived near them and those people had to farm the land for the Spartans. These "helots" had to give the Spartans part of the food they grew and so the Spartans did not have to work. Instead, they learned how to be better soldiers. There were not many Spartans but there were many helots. Spartan military strength controlled the helots. The Spartans had two hereditary kings who led them in war. At home they were also ruled by a group of old men called the Gerousia the senate.

Athens became a democracy in BC. The men came to a place in the center of the city and decided what to do. That is why in Mesopotamia they had a surplus of crops. In Egypt they did a lot of mining. Salva is on his way to a refugee camp in Ethiopia but first, he needs to cross a river and a desert with a large group that he is part of. This is seen on page This survival factor helped Salva and also his group survive because they did not let a river stop them. They just built boats and went on with the journey. He majors in business which he uses to help him build wells for the people of Sudan. The people in Sudan are like his friends and family, they have also been in the same situation.

He tries to help Sudan to the best of his abilities. When Salva arrives in America, he majors in business which he uses to help him drill wells for the people of Sudan. The people in Sudan are like his friends and family, and they have also been in the same situation. The text asks questions about who controls the Nile and why it flow the way it does - the text itself answers that it is the Egyptian god Hapy who controls the Nile. Meanwhile, the geographic location of Nile River also had a great impact on Ancient Egypt.

In the Nile comic, it presents how crucial is the Nile through out the history. For example, our ancient Egyptian culture is initiated because of the River Nile. In the past, men used to more from place to another one seeking the water and food. So that, the Egyptian man settle down nearby the Nile because it supports him with water and fertilized land to farm. Not only did the ancient Egyptians benefit from the Nile, but the Ottoman Empire also did.

Starting in B. C many people make up the community and they use the Nile as their center of their territory. The land around the Nile was rich and great for farming. The first civilization was made on the Nile, as it was a great place for farming. The Nile experienced flooding every year bringing water and rich soil and allowed for people to settle. All winter long the people watered their crops using an irrigation sytem. Narmer hails as the founder of the First Dynasty, and first Pharaoh of Egypt. Originally, the Ancient Egyptians built them as a final resting place for Egyptian royalty. Pyramids symbolize how light descends from the Sun to the Earth, the same way that a pyramid descends from its peak to the ground. The Ancient Egyptians also built all their pyramids along the west bank of the Nile, referencing the setting Sun.

This symbolizes the afterlife in Ancient Egyptian mythology. When people think of pyramids, they most likely picture the perfectly triangular Great Pyramid of Giza. The first pyramids built during the First Dynasty actually resembled the ziggurats of nearby Mesopotamia, which were stepped, terrace-like structures of stone. After a few centuries, the Egyptians refined their architecture to build the picturesque pyramids we know today. Contrary to the Biblical legend, slaves did not build the pyramids of Egypt. Instead, labor brigades drawn from peasantry built the pyramids, marshaled by the Egyptian government during the dry seasons. While building the pyramids, they received food and pay, as well as a place in the afterlife. Despite counting among the Wonders of the World, over Ancient Egyptian pyramids have its details stripped away.

In the case of the Great Pyramid, what we see today is only a remnant of what it once was, with weathering and looters stripping away its details. Polished limestone blocks once lined its sides, before crumbling away during an earthquake in the 14th Century. The name almost certainly brings up the Mummy franchise, but in reality, Imhotep was a fairly common name in Ancient Egypt. That said, the Great Pyramid is taller than the Pyramid of the Feathered Serpent, at meters against 66 meters respectively. The Egyptians valued the afterlife so much that they spent most of their lives preparing for it. The rich and powerful built elaborate tombs, which they believed they could reside in for the afterlife.

Both rich and poor also made a point of living a good life as much as they could, in order to get into the afterlife. This is why the ancient Egyptians prohibited cremation, and used it as the worst punishment for criminals. The poor simply buried their dead in the desert, where the heat and the dry earth kept it from rotting away. Meanwhile, the rich had their organs preserved in special canopic jars. They left their hearts in their bodies, though they removed and threw away their brains.

The bodies were then dried with natron salt, before adding more preservatives followed by mummy wrappings made of linen and papyrus. They also inserted protective spells and charms between the wrappings to protect the person on their journey to the afterlife. Specifically, some of the earliest Pharaohs had their servants buried with them, so they could continue to serve in the afterlife.

Much like other religions, the Ancient Egyptians believed in the idea of final judgment after death. Before they could enter the afterlife, the god Anubis weighed their hearts against the Feather of Truth. If the heart weighed more than the feather, Anubis would feed it to the crocodile monster Ammit, with the person losing their soul forever. Aside from the afterlife, the Ancient Egyptians believed that as long as people remembered and spoke of a dead person, then they would never truly die. For this reason, another punishment reserved for the worst criminals in Ancient Egypt was to have their names erased from all records, and forbidden to speak of. In that way, they would truly die and never live again. Popular media hyped it up as a curse, but his fellow archaeologist Howard Carter never suffered from such a curse even with his involvement.

One of these minerals was malachite, a copper ore that produces green powder. The Egyptians used it as eye makeup along with kohl, a black powder made from the lead ore galena. To color their lips, the Egyptians used red ochre, or clay rich in iron oxide. A popular perfume for men included cardamon, cinnamon, myrrh, and olive oil. This perfume had a scent not too dissimilar from the modern Old Spice brand.

Definitely one of the cooler facts about Egypt. The Ancient Egyptian used henna made from the tree of the same name to color their nails. For lotion, they used a cream made from animal fat to keep their skin moist in the dry air of the desert, mixed with floral scents to keep themselves fresh. This includes the hair on their eyebrows, as well as their eyelashes. Although it may seem strange, the Ancient Egyptians practiced this to avoid getting lice. Poorer Ancient Egyptians could usually only afford wigs made wool or even papyrus.

However, the rich would often use wigs woven from actual human hair. Beer was actually the most popular and common alcoholic drink for the Ancient Egyptians. In fact, the minimum wage for laborers in Ancient Egypt was 1 gallon of beer per day. Tombs of the rich and powerful also included figurines of brewers, along with beer recipes, provided for their convenience in the afterlife. The day, solar-based calendar we use today is fundamentally the same as what the Ancient Egyptians used. The only difference is the name of the days and months of the year. To the Ancient Egyptians, wedding rings and their circular shape symbolized unending love between spouses. In Ancient Egypt, circles represented the concept of eternity.

Eventually, the tradition of wedding rings passed on to the Greeks and Romans, which lasts until today. The Ancient Egyptians believed that the left ring finger had a vein that connects directly to the heart. As such, they believed that rings should be worn there, in the hope of a lasting marriage. While this may not be scientifically accurate, many people still traditionally wear their wedding rings on their left ring fingers.

In Ancient Egypt, women certainly enjoyed more rights and privileges compared to any other ancient civilization. Women could own and inherit property, open and run their own businesses, and even divorce their husbands without stigma. While few queens ever ruled Egypt in their own names, many other women rose to power and influence in Ancient Egyptian society, usually either as doctors or as priestesses. The first and most famous is the hieroglyphs, an alphabet composed of over pictograms, each one representing a concept. Pictograms were then put together to merge concepts into meaningful words and sentences. However, this script was used only for ceremonial and religious purposes.

Instead, government documents and literary materials tended to be written in hieratic script, a simplified alphabet based on hieroglyphs. The Ancient Egyptians used it to denote large numbers , particularly , The Ancient Egyptians chose this symbol to reference how frogs lay thousands of eggs in a single batch. Hieroglyphs influenced the development of the Phoenician alphabet, which the Greeks later used as a basis for their new alphabet after the Greek Dark Age. This, in turn, became the basis of the Cyrillic alphabet used in Eastern Europe and Russia from medieval times to this day.

The evolution of hieratic script also later influenced the development of the Old Nubian alphabet used in Northeast Africa. The rise of Christianity and Islam also influenced the fall of paganism and converted the Egyptians from their ancient roots. This led to academic knowledge of the old language getting deliberately lost or even destroyed as a legacy of their pagan past. The decree featured 4 different alphabets, with hieroglyphs, hieratic, demotic, and Ancient Greek.

This allowed archaeologists to use the known Ancient Greek language as a means to translate the other alphabets and build up experience in understanding Ancient Egyptian. From there, they could also begin translating other recovered texts from Ancient Egypt. This is unfortunately because Ancient Egyptian alphabets lack vowels, forcing archaeologists to guess how words are actually pronounced. Definitely one of the sadder facts about Egypt. Each of these gods and goddesses embodied one aspect of the cosmos and their lives. The ancient Egyptians believed that these deities handled the balance and harmony of the universe, which was a major aspect of their religion.

Ancient Egyptians believed that Ra traveled the skies in a great ship and created the Sun. Each day, he would cross the sky, setting below the horizon to bring light to the afterlife before returning to our world with the rising of the Sun. According to the myth, Osiris ruled over Egypt with his wife Isis. His brother Seth envied him so much that he betrayed and murdered Osiris, chopping up his body afterward. This is where the symbolism of the Pharaohs being the god Horus in Human form comes from.

As Horus already ruled Egypt, Osiris instead ruled over the afterlife. The Ancient Egyptians used it as a good luck charm, and as protection against the evil eye and other malign influences. The eye fell to the Earth, where men found it and used it to protect themselves. Seth was the god of the desert, and thus the protector of Egypt against invaders, reflecting how the deserts that surrounded Egypt helped protect them from invasion. He was also the god of foreigners, guaranteeing them safe passage and hospitality, again referencing how travelers had to pass through the desert to reach Egypt.

Horus became associated with the falcon, a symbol of royalty in Ancient Egypt. The war goddess Sekhmet was fittingly associated with the scorpion, and the guide of the dead Anubis to the jackal. Since cats are natural predators who hunted and killed poisonous snakes, the ancient Egyptians saw them as protectors of the home and the family. Before, it was customary for each Egyptians household to own at least 1 cat. This also influenced religion, with the protector goddess Bastet becoming associated with cats. The death of a cat was a cause for mourning among Ancient Egyptians, with many cats getting mummified and buried so they could have a place in the afterlife. Additionally, deliberately harming and killing a cat, warranted execution in Ancient Egypt. As the god of the Nile, the Ancient Egyptians associated Sobek with the crocodile.

The Ancient Egyptians prayed to him for good harvests and gentle floods. It was for this reason that children received amulets carved in the shape of crocodiles, in the hope that Sobek would protect them from the crocodiles of the Nile. Centuries ago, the Pharaoh Akhenaten abandoned the worship of many gods in favor of the one god Aten. He killed and banished priests, burned the temples of the gods, and moved the capital from Thebes to Amarna.

After he died, the Ancient Egyptians abandoned Amarna and restored the worship of the old gods. Their large size and tendency to move in herds made them dangerous to meet while traveling on the Nile. Hippos could break and sink boats, leaving the passengers to fend for themselves on the water.

The procession was joined by the entire population of the town, men and How Did The Nile River Influence Ancient Egypt Life, small and large; the Jews came with their Book of the Law and the Christians with their Gospel, all of them with their women and How Did The Nile River Influence Ancient Egypt Life. I was in Damascus at the time and attended the service which he was conducting one Friday, Importance Of Service Quality In Tourism Industry he was addressing and admonishing the people from the pulpit. The Ancient Egyptians How Did The Nile River Influence Ancient Egypt Life gold for its use in currency and for making jewelry and other items.

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